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Austin Taylor
Austin Taylor

Windows 7 Secrets

This document explains how to manage sensitive data for an ASP.NET Core app on a development machine. Never store passwords or other sensitive data in source code. Production secrets shouldn't be used for development or test. Secrets shouldn't be deployed with the app. Instead, production secrets should be accessed through a controlled means like environment variables or Azure Key Vault. You can store and protect Azure test and production secrets with the Azure Key Vault configuration provider.

Windows 7 Secrets

Environment variables are used to avoid storage of app secrets in code or in local configuration files. Environment variables override configuration values for all previously specified configuration sources.

Environment variables are generally stored in plain, unencrypted text. If the machine or process is compromised, environment variables can be accessed by untrusted parties. Additional measures to prevent disclosure of user secrets may be required.

The Secret Manager tool stores sensitive data during the development of an ASP.NET Core project. In this context, a piece of sensitive data is an app secret. App secrets are stored in a separate location from the project tree. The app secrets are associated with a specific project or shared across several projects. The app secrets aren't checked into source control.

The Secret Manager tool doesn't encrypt the stored secrets and shouldn't be treated as a trusted store. It's for development purposes only. The keys and values are stored in a JSON configuration file in the user profile directory.

The JSON structure is flattened after modifications via dotnet user-secrets remove or dotnet user-secrets set. For example, running dotnet user-secrets remove "Movies:ConnectionString" collapses the Movies object literal. The modified file resembles the following JSON:

To map the preceding secrets to a POCO, use the .NET Configuration API's object graph binding feature. The following code binds to a custom MovieSettings POCO and accesses the ServiceApiKey property value:

The user secrets configuration source is automatically added in Development mode when the project calls CreateDefaultBuilder. CreateDefaultBuilder calls AddUserSecrets when the EnvironmentName is Development:

When CreateDefaultBuilder isn't called, add the user secrets configuration source explicitly by calling AddUserSecrets in ConfigureAppConfiguration. Call AddUserSecrets only when the app runs in the Development environment, as shown in the following example:

If the user secrets configuration source is registered, the .NET Configuration API can read the secrets. Constructor injection can be used to gain access to the .NET Configuration API. Consider the following examples of reading the Movies:ServiceApiKey key:

This results in the scanning of your system and after 60 seconds a file named energy-report.html will be created in \windows\system32 folder. You will have to copy it somewhere else before opening it and once opened, it will reveal which settings or devices are chunking away power or messing with power configurations.

The SecretManagement module helps users manage secrets by providing a common set of cmdlets to interface with secrets across vaults. SecretManagement utilizes an extensible model where local and remote vaults can be registered and unregistered for use in accessing and retrieving secrets. The module provides the following cmdlets for accessing secrets and managing SecretVaults:

SecretManagement is valuable in heterogeneous environments where you may want to separate the specifics of the vault from a common script which needs secrets. SecretManagement is also a convenience feature which allows users to simplify their interactions with various vaults by only needing to learn a single set of cmdlets.

SecretStore is a cross-platform, local, extension vault which is available on the PowerShell Gallery. This vault is designed to be supported in all the same environments as PowerShell 7, usable in popular PowerShell scenarios (like automation and remoting), and utilizes common security practices. This vault encrypts secrets on the file system, for remote options we recommend exploring alternative vaults (like Azure Key Vault).

The SecretStore vault stores secrets locally on file for the current user, and uses .NET Core cryptographic APIs to encrypt file contents. This extension vault is configurable and works over all supported PowerShell platforms on Windows, Linux, and macOS. The following cmdlets are provided to manage SecretStore:

Once you have SecretManagement installed you can run Get-SecretVault to see what secret vaults you have registered. If this is your first time using the module this command will return nothing since nothing is registered, read on to learn how to discover, install, and register secret vaults. Once you have a vault registered you can utlize the SecretManagement cmdlets to view, get, set, and remove secrets.

Run Get-Secret to retrieve the secret, using the -AsPlainText switch will return it as a readable string Get-Secret -Name TestSecret -AsPlainText TestSecret To see the names all of your secrets you can run Get-SecretInfo

Users can optionally provide non-sensitive metadata for their secrets. Secret metadata was a highly requested feature because as users store more secrets in SecretManagment, they may want to know what the secrets are intended for (for example, a particular subscription, or scenario). As users manage their secrets they may also want to add metadata around secret creation date, expiration time, or other information to manage the secret lifecycle. Metadata is optional for secret vaults to support so it may not be available for all vault extensions.

Since SecretMetadata is for non-sensitive data, if you need to store sensitive metadata you may want to consider storing it as a hashtable in the vault itself. For example, if I consider the username, or subscriptionID to be sensitive for particular secrets for resource1 and resource2, I may want to create a secret like:

It can be configured to require a password to unlock the store, or operate without a password. The no-password option still encrypts secrets on file and in memory. But the key for decryption is stored on file in the current user location, and is less secure.

If password prompting is disabled and a password is required to access secrets, a Microsoft.PowerShell.SecretStore.PasswordRequiredException will be thrown. In this case, the SecretStore can be unlocked using the Unlock-SecretStore cmdlet.

The Unlock-SecretStore cmdlet is used to unlock the SecretStore for this session. The password timeout was configured for 1 hour and SecretStore will remain unlocked in the session for that amount of time, after which it will need to be unlocked again before secrets can be accessed.

With Windows 7 came Aero Snap, or the ability to maximize a window by dragging it to the side of the screen. But what if you want to easily tile your windows?Open Task Manager (Ctrl+Shift+Esc), select the applications you wish to tile (Ctrl+Click), right click, and select Tile Horizontally or Tile Vertically.Tile Vertically.

To open a new window of the same application (for example, to open a new Chrome window or a second Desktop folder), hold the Shift key, the Window key and then a number from one to nine. If you want to page through the open windows, press Control, Window, and a number, from one to nine.

This Windows e-book by Jack Dunning helps the Windows 7 user understand and release the power of Windows 7 Desktop, including setting up personal slide shows, manipulating windows and other Desktop secrets. (EPUB for iPad, NOOK, etc.)

This Windows e-book by Jack Dunning helps the Windows 7 user understand and release the power of Windows 7 Desktop, including setting up personal slide shows, manipulating windows and other Desktop secrets. (MOBI for Amazon Kindle)

Through google translate, they only seemed to get it to work on Windows 10 without virtualisation. I tried this through windows sandbox but I will try on normal windows 10 without dgvoodoo but I doubt it'll work. Perhaps I could email them. 041b061a72


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